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Alpine Newt (Triturus carnifex)
Alpine Newts are grey to black in color and a yellow to grey stripe running from the base of the neck and down the back. During the breeding season, males will begin to take more to the water and grow a tall rigid crest on their back and will look light black with dark black blotching and with hints of blue. They typically grow to about 6-8 inches long and live between 7-10 years if properly cared for.
Habitat and Tank Requirements:
This species is native to Europe.
This species does best in a semi-aquatic environment. You can use either a shallow bowl or tub big enough for them to swim in, or use a filter. If using a bowl, the water should be changed at least once every other day. Use common sense if picking out a filter: a pump that is too small will leave the water dirty, while a too-powerful pump with filter out the microorganisms needed to maintain a healthy pH. Misting the tank with water every day or two is also recommended.
Use mulch or moss as a substrate to retain moisture and deep enough that your salamander can burrow in it. Add plants, woods, or rocks for them to climb and hide in. A 15-20 gallon tank can house 1 or 2 adults.
These animals are comfortable in temperatures ranging from 68-75° F. They do not need special lighting.
Be sure there are no openings through which your salamander can escape. A hole large enough for it to stick its head through is big enough for it to escape.
Alpine Newts are mainly insectivorous and will feed on small crickets, mealworms, wax worms, earthworms, and any other insects small enough for them to ingest. It is recommended that food be dusted with calcium to prevent bone softening.
Allow your salamander time to become accustomed to its new home before handling them extensively. Handling them little by little over a period of time lets the animal get used to you and reduces stress.